What is the Importance of the International Court of Justice in The Hague and the Cases of Ukraine and Gaza

What is the International Court of Justice in The Hague?

Widely known as the “World Court,” the ICJ is one of the six “principal organs” of the United Nations, on the same level as the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council, and the Secretariat. The ICJ is the only global court responsible for resolving disputes between the 193 member countries of the UN. Its role is fundamental in promoting peace and global security by providing a means for countries to resolve their issues without resorting to war.

How does the jurisdiction of the ICJ work and how does it apply to disputes between States?

The jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) is limited to matters of public international law and is focused on the resolution of disputes between sovereign states. The ICJ can adjudicate cases involving legal disputes between countries, including cases related to genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and aggression, provided that these cases are disputes between two or more States and involve allegations of violations of international law.

How are ICJ judgments enforced to ensure justice?

Voluntary Cooperation International Pressure Peaceful Conflict Resolution Sanctions and Retaliatory Measures

What is the geopolitical importance of the ICJ in the international community?

Peaceful Dispute Resolution Consolidation of the Rule of International Law Promotion of Justice and Equity Prevention of Abuses and Disrespect for International Law Creation of Legal Precedents Promotion of Diplomacy